What is Cognitive Behavior Therapy?
CBT a counseling approach based on the belief that the way we perceive situations influences how we feel emotionally. In other words, it is not a situation or event that directly determines how we feel emotionally -- it is our thoughts about that situation or event.
- Especially under stress, our perceptions are often inaccurate and our thoughts can become unrealistic. CBT can help identify the distressing thoughts and evaluate how realistic, rational or accurate those thoughts are.
- CBT is generally focused on the present, time-limited and problem-solving oriented.
- Direct, goal-oriented methods are used to assist you in changing distorted or self-defeating thoughts and actions into healthier, more effective ways of thinking and behaving.
- CBT skills also involve modifying unhealthy beliefs and learning new ways of relating to others.
- CBT uses a variety of techniques to help you become aware of ineffective thinking (cognitions) and behavioral patterns.
- CBT often uses “homework” to reinforce new information/skills discussed in sessions.